Document Type : Research Articles
Department of Biophysics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India.
Department of Biostatistics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India.
Department of Radiation Oncology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India.
Background: Polymorphism of NFKB1 and NFKB1A are highly associated with cancer. We have assessed polymorphism in the promoter region of NFKB1 -94 del/ins ATTG (rs28362491) and NFKB1A -826 C/T (rs2233406) with the risk of HNSCC in Indian population. Methods: Polymerase chain reaction–restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method was used for the genotyping NFKB1 -94 del/ins ATTG and NFKB1A -826 C/T. Sequencing was done to validate the results of PCR-RFLP. Statistical analysis of data was done by Stata/SE-14.0 software. Results: ins/ins genotype was observed to be a risk factor of HNSCC as compared del/del genotype of NFKB1 -94 ATTG. Interactive effects of smoking and chewing on ins/ins genotype showed 13.96 and 10.92 fold increased risk of HNSCC. NFKB1A -826 C/T polymorphism, TT genotype showed no association with the risk of HNSCC as compared to wild type CC genotype. Conclusion: Our results showed NFKB1 -94 del/ins ATTG with smoking and tobacco chewing may increase the risk of HNSCC while NFKB1A -826 C/T plays a protective role in Indian population.