Document Type : Research Articles
Research Division, National Cancer Institute, Bangkok, Thailand.
Pathology Division, National Cancer Institute, Bangkok,Thailand.
Surgery Division, National Cancer Institute, , Bangkok,Thailand.
Breast cancer is the leading female cancer worldwide and is the most frequently diagnosed in Thai women. Its potential etiologic has not been clearly identified. Several recent reports could detect human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in breast cancer or benign breast lesions. HPV infection considered suggests being one of many risk factors for cancer development. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of HPV infection in both breast cancer and benign breast lesion/tumor tissues. Seven hundred samples from Thai women were collected during 2013-2015 and statistically correlation between HPV infection, sociodemographic and histopathological parameters were also analyzed. HPV DNA detection and genotyping were performed by polymerase chain reaction and enzyme immunoassay, respectively. The results demonstrated that mean age of the patients were 41.76±12.53 years and 52.73±11.68 years for benign breast lesions/tumor and breast cancer samples, respectively. HPV DNA was detected in 25/700 (3.57%) samples, in which 10/350 (2.857%) from benign breast lesion/tumor samples and 15/350 (4.285%) from breast cancer samples. HPV 16 is the predominant types of this study, follow by HPV 33, 18, 35, 52. Most of HPV type detection samples belong to the high risk types, except 1/25 sample could be detected low risk type; HPV 6 which was presented as co-infection with the other high risk type. From sociodemographic and histopathological correlation analysis, all of studied parameters such as breast cancer history, hormone receptors status etc. did not show statistically significant correlated with HPV infection (P>0.05). In conclusion, the low frequency detection in this study suggests that HPV did not play the main important role for breast cancer development and represented highly controversial, but it may be causative agents of only a relative small proportion of all breast cancer or non-malignant breast lesion and it is the interesting data for further study in virus-associated cancer.