Investigating the Quality of Life and the Related Factors in Iranian Women with Breast Cancer

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

1 Department of Radiotherapy, Ghaem Hospital, Radiation Oncology Center Reza, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

2 Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery,Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

3 Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran.

4 Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.

Abstract

 
Introduction: Nowadays breast cancer is the most important factor concerning the women’s health which can affect the quality of life (QOL). This study was performed with aim to investigate the QOL and the related factors in Iranian women diagnosed with breast cancer in 2014-2015. Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 94 women with breast cancer who were selected by convenience sampling in Mashhad, Iran from 2014-2015. The data were collected through Demographic and Clinical Questionnaire and EORTC QLQ-C30.V3 Standard Questionnaire. Data was analyzed by SPSS software (version 18) and also descriptive statistics and linear regression analysis. Pconsidered statistically significant. Results: The mean of total score for the quality of life was 71.45± 22.28. In the area of the symptoms of disease, the highest score belonged to insomnia (22.73± 14.89) and fatigue (19.81± 14.42). In the functional area, physical and emotional scales accounted for the highest (91.35±9.67) and lowest (78.55±2.84) scores, respectively. The results of multiple regression analysis showed that the variables of age, social status, radiotherapy, and hormone therapy are effective factors in the QOL. Conclusion: Breast cancer can affect the women’s QOL. Therefore, efforts to promote the QOL in breast cancer patients is considered as one of the most important topics in women’s health care. This requires more attention to identify various aspects of life and find effective ways to promote and improve the QOL in these patients.

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