Document Type: Research Articles
Pharmacology Laboratory, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Jadavpur University, Jadavpur, India.
Department of Organic Chemistry, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Jadavpur, Kolkata, India.
Background: This study focuses on the role of Poly-L-lysine (PLL), an essential amino acid, on molecular changes of tumor angiogenesis suppression, pro-apoptotic and anti-apoptotic gene expression after treatment on Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC) and solid sarcoma-180 tumor cells bearing mice. Materials and Methods: The cell viability was carried out using MTT assay. The antitumor activity was evaluated by treatment with PLL at 20 and 40mg/kg/b.w doses for 14 days in EAC ascites tumor and 21 days for Sarcoma-180 solid tumor model. Several tumor evaluation studies, haematological and biochemical parameters were estimated. Importantly, the tumor cell apoptosis was assessed using microscopic observations, DNA fragmentation assay, Flow cytometric analysis, cell-cycle and electron-microscopic study, following which, the expression of several signal proteins related to pro-apoptosis, anti-apoptosis and tumor angiogenesis were quantified using western blotting and immunohistochemistry study. Results: Precisely, PLL had cytotoxic effect on K562; A549; U937 and B16F10 cancer cells. Significant decreases in liquid and solid tumors and increased life span of treated mice were observed (P<0.05). Typical morphological changes, apoptosis bleb phenomenon and sub-G1 cell cycle arrests revealed that PLL promoted apoptotic cell death. Western blot and immunohistochemistry confirms, PLL activated apoptotic signalling cascades through down regulation of Bcl-2 and CD31 protein and up-regulation of Bax and p53 proteins. The anti-angiogenic effects were also accompanied with decreased VEGF expression and reduced peritoneal-angiogenesis and microvessel density. Conclusions: The antitumor and antitumor-angiogenic activity of PLL was confirmed from all the results via up and down regulation of relevant signal proteins reported in this publication.