Document Type: Research Articles
Pathology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Egypt.
Clinical Oncology and Nuclear Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Egypt.
Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Egypt.
Background: Meningiomas are common central nervous system (CNS) tumors that account for thirty percent of primary intracranial tumors.. The accuracy of predicting meningioma recurrence and progression is not enough. So, there is a real need for discovering recent factors for identification of the relapse risk, progression rates, which patients will need aggressive treatment and predicting and improving patients’ survival. Thioredoxin-interacting-protein [TXNIP] is an alpha-arrestin-protein family member that is mapped on chromosome 1-q21–22 and is found to participate in cellular redox reactions regulations and control. Transglutaminase 2 (TGM2) is a transglutaminase enzyme family member that is found in many human cells, it may act as an enzyme, a structural protein and also has multiple roles in many cellular activities. Aim of our study: It was to explore the expression of TXNIP, TGM2 and Ki-67 using immunohistochemistry in different pathological grades of meningiomas, and to investigate the relevance between their expressions, clinicopathological criteria, disease recurrence and prognosis of meningioma patients. Methods: we included 50 cases of meningioma of different pathological grades; all patients were managed according to their grade by surgery alone, with radiotherapy or combined modalities. Sections from paraffin blocks prepared from samples of all patients stained by TXNIP, TGM2 and Ki-67 using immunohistochemistry. Results: high expression of TXNIP in 28 out of 50 (56%) cases of meningioma of different pathological grades and was positively correlated with meningioma lower grade, low KI labeling index (p=0.000), adequacy of resection, negatively correlated with high incidence of recurrence after surgery and it was negatively correlated with meningioma higher pathological grades (p=0.000). We detected high expression of TGM2 in 21 out of 50 (42%) cases of meningioma and it was positively correlated with meningioma higher grade (p= 0.002), high KI labeling index (p=0.000), high incidence of recurrence after surgery, progression to higher pathological grades and was negatively correlated with adequacy of resection of meningioma (p=0.000). Conclusion: There is inverse relation between both [TXNIP and TGM2 expression in meningiomas and the combination of decreased expression of TXNIP and increased expression of TGM2 could predict risk of meningioma recurrence and progression in to higher pathological grades.