Document Type: Research Articles
Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Ceará (UFC), Rua Alexandre Baraúna 949, Rodolfo Teófilo, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil.
Department of Oral Medicine and Oral Pathology, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Ceará (UFC), Campus Sobral, Rua Coronel Estanislau, Center, Sobral, Ceará, Brazil.
Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Haroldo Juaçaba Hospital – Ceará Cancer Institute, Rua Papi Júnior 1222, Rodolfo Teófilo, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil.
Background: The purpose of the present study was to compare the preoperative and postoperative health related quality of life (HRQoL) of a sample of patients undergoing primary surgery for oral cancer in 2012-13. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional, prospective study of 54 patients in a Brazilian population was performed. HRQoL was measured preoperatively (after histopathological diagnosis) and postoperatively (2 months after surgery) using the University of Washington Quality of Life Questionnaire (UW-QOL). Clinicopathological, sociodemographic and lifestyle data were collected. Results: Surgery had a negative impact on most HRQoL domains, but pain, mood and anxiety scores were significantly improved. Most patients rated their health-related and overall postoperative HRQoL as good or very good. Conclusions: The UW-QOL was efficient at measuring HRQoL in our sample of patients with oral cancer. Surgery had a negative impact on HRQoL, especially due to sequelae affecting the stomatognathic system, yet patients classified their postoperative health-related and overall QoL as positive. Qualitative studies are necessary for confirmation of our results and further exploration.