A Polymorphism Located Near PMAIP1/Noxa Gene Influences Susceptibility to Hodgkin Lymphoma Development in South India

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

1 Department of Pharmacology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Gorimedu, Puducherry, India.

2 Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Gorimedu, Puducherry, India.

3 Department of Medical Oncology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Gorimedu, Puducherry, India.

Abstract

 
Background: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in DNA repair and Toll-like receptor (TLR) genes have been reported to be associated with Hodgkin Lymphoma (HL) risk. Since such associations may be ethnicity dependent, polymorphisms in TLR4 rs1554973, Xeroderma pigmentosum C (XPC) rs2228000, rs2228001 and a variant near PMAIP1/Noxa gene rs8093763 were here investigated with regard to HL susceptibility in a south Indian population. Normative frequencies of SNPs were established and compared with data for 1000 genome populations. Methods: We conducted a case control study consisting of 200 healthy volunteers and 101 cases with HL. DNA samples were genotyped using real-time PCR. Linkage disequilibrium (LD) analysis between rs2228000 and rs2228001 was performed using HaploView (version 4.2). Results: Among the studied variants, we observed that a variant rs8093763 located near PMAIP1/Noxa gene was associated with HL risk (OR=1.72 and 95% CI=1.004-2.93). The major allele frequencies of XPC (rs2228000 and rs2228001), TLR4 (rs1554973) and PMAIP1/NOXA (rs8093763) variants were 79%, 66%, 67% and 59% respectively. The studied frequencies were significantly different from 1000 genome populations. Conclusion: The results suggest that a variant rs8093763 located near the PMAIP1/Noxa gene may modify risk of HL. We found variation in distribution of polymorphic frequencies between the study population and 1000 genome populations. The results may help identify individual risk of development of HL in our south Indian population.

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