Document Type : Research Articles
Department of Pathology,Kayseri Education and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Istanbul, Turkey.
Department of Medical Oncology, Kayseri Education and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Istanbul,Turkey.
Department of Radiation Oncology, Kayseri Education and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Istanbul, Turkey.
Purpose: To determine expression levels of CD44 and ALDH1/2, known cancer stem cell (CSC) markers, in stomach adenocarcinomas and assess relationships with clinicopathologic parameters and prognosis. Methods: Eighty patients diagnosed with gastric cancer between the years 2011-2015 were included in this study of clinicopathologic characteristics, postoperative prognostic indexes and stem cell marker CD44 and ALDH1/2 expression in paraffin-embedded tumour sections analyzed immunohistochemically. Clinicopathologic parameters were evaluated using the chi-square test and t-test. Survival analyses were conducted using Kaplan-Meier statistics. Results: We observed positive CD44 and ALDH1/2 staining in 45.0 % and 67.5% of tumour tissues, respectively, but not in normal gastric mucosa. Recurrence-free survival (RFS) was found to be shorter in cases with high levels of CD44 expression (p=0.004). Similarly, short RFS was observed in patients with high levels of CD44 and ALDH1/2 co-expression (p=0.004). Furthermore, tumour invasion depth was found to correlate with high CD44 and ALDH1/2 co-expression (p=0.028). Conclusion: The cancer stem cell markers CD44 and ALDH1/2 may indicate poor patient prognosis and play a role in tumour development and invasion.