Association between Microrna 146a and Microrna 196a2 Genes Polymorphism and Breast Cancer Risk in North Indian Women

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

1 Department of Pathology, Government Medical College, Patiala, India.

2 MM Medical College Solan (Himachal), Patiala, India.

3 Thapar University Patiala, Patiala, India.

Abstract

 
Background: Micro RNAs (miRNAs) are small, noncoding RNA molecules. They can function as either oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) present in the pre-miRNA region could affect the processing of miRNA and thus alter mature miRNA expression. The studies done so far had shown conflicting results regarding association of two common polymorphisms i.e.hsa-miR-146 rs2910164 and hsa-miR-196a2 rs11614913 with breast cancer. OBJECTIVE: In the study, we examined the hsa-miR-146 rs2910164 and hsa-miR-196a2 rs11614913 SNP association with breast cancer patients in north Indian women. Materials and Methods: This study included 100 breast cancer patients and 100 controls and was done over a period of two years. Genotypes of the hsa-miR-146 (rs2910164 G>C) and hsa-miR-196a2 (rs11614913 C>T) were identified by polymerase chain reaction – restriction length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) technique in peripheral blood DNA samples. Statistical analysis: We assessed the strength of association of miRNA polymorphisms with breast cancer using Odds ratio (OR) along with 95% confidence intervals. Results: Heterozygous genotypes of hsa-miR-196a2 rs11614913 and combined hsa-miR-146 rs2910164 & hsa-miR-196a2 polymorphism were associated with significantly increased risk of breast cancer (OR-1.7, 95% CI–1.00-3.18) and (OR-1.9, 95% CI-0.85-4.46) respectively. Conclusion: Our study suggests that rs2910164 GC and rs11614913 CT genotypes may contribute to breast cancer susceptibility in north Indian women.

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