Characteristics of De Novo Acute Myeloid Leukemia Patients in Palestine: Experience of An-Najah National University Hospital

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

1 Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine.

2 Department of Internal Medicine, An-Najah National University Hospital, Nablus, Palestine.

3 Department of Hematology/oncology, An-Najah National University Hospital, Nablus, Palestine.

Abstract

 
Objective: To describe the characteristics of de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in the Palestinian population. Study design and setting: A retrospective chart review study was conducted at An-Najah National University Hospital (NNUH) during the period of January, 2014 to December, 2016. Methodology: The medical records of AML patients treated at NNUH were reviewed. All patients at least 16 years of age diagnosed with de novo AML and started on induction chemotherapy were included. Descriptive statistics were employed to analyze the data. Results: Out of 88 patients diagnosed with AML during the study period, 64 had de novo AML and were included. Median age at diagnosis was 36 years, with a male to female ratio of 1.13:1. Two thirds of the cases were from the West Bank and the remainder were from Gaza. Major complaints at presentation were fatigue (64.1%), fever (46.9%), respiratory tract infections (39.1%) and bruising (28.1%). Hepatomegaly was present in 23.4% and splenomegaly in 34.4%. At presentation, the median white blood cells (WBC) count, hemoglobin (Hb) concentration and platelet count were 30. 5x109/L, 9.3g/ dL, and 39.5 x109/L, respectively. According to the French American British (FAB) classification, M4 was the most common subtype (32.8%) followed by M3 (21.9%). After a single cycle of induction chemotherapy complete remission (CR) was seen in 26 (41.9%) and non-remission (NR) in 17 (27.4%), while 19 patients (30.6%) died during the first admission for induction. Conclusion: The characteristics of de novo AML in Palestinian patients are comparable to published data elsewhere. M4 was the most common subtype. The outcome of the first cycle of induction chemotherapy was slightly inferior to the published data for M3 patients. Further studies are warranted to identify possible causes.

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