The Prognostic Factors of Biochemical Recurrence-Free Survival Following Radical Prostatectomy

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Songklanagarind Hospital, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla, Thailand.

Abstract

 
Objective: To evaluate outcomes, biochemical recurrence-free survival (BCRFS) and to identify parameters influencing BCRFS of radical prostatectomy (RP) and bilateral pelvic lymph node dissection in a single-institution. Methods: A retrospective review of prostate cancer (PC) patients received RP was identified from the medical records. Data was collected from 2007 to 2016. 178 patients received RP were enrolled in a study. These patients were evaluated on efficacy of RP by using prostate-specific antigen (PSA) to analyze BCRFS and compared with Gleason score, pathologic staging, margin status and lymph node status with BCRFS. Results: The median follow up was 32.5 months (n = 178). Sixty-nine patients had extracapsular extension on pathologic results whereas 93 patients were classified as a high risk group. The median time for biochemical recurrence (BCR) was 22.3 months. The 3-year BCRFS in patients with a Gleason score 6, 3+4, 4+3, 8 and 9-10 were 85.8%, 84.6%, 78.7%, 53.3% and 35.8% . Multivariate analysis showed that extracapsular extension was independently associated with BCRFS. Conclusions: New group grading system indicates impact on BCRFS on univariate analysis but show negative impact on a multivariate Cox regression, only pathologic staging was independently associated with the cancer control outcome.

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