Document Type: Research Articles
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, SRM Dental College, Ramapuram, Chennai, India.
Enable Biolabs, Madurai Meenakshipuram Extension, Urapakkam, Chennai, India.
Background: The ARID2 gene, encoding a sub unit of the chromatin remodelling complex, has a possible tumour suppressor function and has been found to be frequently mutated in various tumours, including gingivo buccal oral squamous cell carcinomas. The present study was designed to analyse the presence of ARID2 gene mutations in the distinct genetic South Indian (Dravidian) population. Materials and Methods: Genomic DNA from thirty biopsy tissue samples of histopathologically confirmed cases of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) were subjected to PCR amplification with intronic primers encompassing exons 19 and 20 of ARID2. Subsequently, the PCR amplicons were purified and subjected to Sanger sequencing using forward primers for analysis of mutational status. Results: Our study yielded a 6% occurrence of mutations in the ARID2 gene among the thirty OSCC samples. Two samples showed a C(5174)A nonsense mutation whereby the "C" nucleotide was substituted with an "A" nucleotide at position 5174, resulting in the conversion of serine amino acid at codon 1725 to a premature STOP codon. Conclusion: Identification of ARID2 gene mutations in OSCCs in this distinct ethnic population reaffirms that aberrations in the chromatin remodelling complex could indeed also contribute to tumorigenesis, thus providing new insights for future research.