The DNA Methyltransferase 3B -149 Genetic Polymorphism Modulates Lung Cancer Risk from Smoking

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

1 Institute of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan.

2 Department of Surgery, Cheng-Ching General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan.

3 Center for General Education, Chung Shan Medical University,Taichung, Taiwan.

4 Department of Public Health, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan.

5 Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Tungs' Taichung MetroHarbor Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan.

6 Department of Family Medicine, Cheng Ching General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan.

7 Department of Occupational Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan.

Abstract

 
Background: Smoking can cause increase of DNA methylation and hypermethylation of tumor suppressor genes, this possible contributing to subsequent lung cancer development. DNA methyltransferase 3B (DNMT3B) is crucial in regulation of DNA methylation and it has been proposed that green tea might lower cancer risk through inhibiting its activity. Here, we designed a case-control study to investigate whether the DNMT3B -149 genetic polymorphism could modulate lung cancer risk due to smoking. Possible interactions of smoking and green tea consumption with this DNMT3B genetic polymorphism were also assessed. Materials and Methods: A total of 190 lung cancer patients and 380 healthy controls were recruited. Questionnaires were administered to obtain data on sociodemographic and lifestyle variables, as well as family history of lung cancer. Genotypes for DNMT3B -149 were identified by polymerase chain reaction. Results: Smoking, green tea consumption, exposure to cooking fumes, family history of lung cancer, and the DNMT3B -149 genotype (odds ratio (OR)=2.65; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.15-6.10) were all significantly associated with the development of lung cancer. Smokers carrying the DNMT3B -149 TT genotype were at elevated risk compared to non-smokers carrying DNMT3B -149 (OR=7.69; 95% CI 2.55-23.14). Interaction of smoking with DNMT3B -149 genotypes was significant regarding lung cancer risk. However, interaction between green tea drinking and DNMT3B -149 genotypes was not. Conclusions: The DNMT3B -149 TT genotype might increase the smoking-associated lung cancer risk.

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