Bayesian Inference on Malignant Breast Cancer in Nigeria: A Diagnosis of MCMC Convergence

Document Type : Research Articles


Statistics Department, University of Kwa Zulu Natal, Westville Campus, Durban, South Africa.


Background: There has been no previous study to classify malignant breast tumor in details based on Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) convergence in Western, Nigeria. This study therefore aims to profile patients living with benign and malignant breast tumor in two different hospitals among women of Western Nigeria, with a focus on prognostic factors and MCMC convergence. Materials and Methods: A hospital-based record was used to identify prognostic factors for malignant breast cancer among women of Western Nigeria. This paper describes Bayesian inference and demonstrates its usage to estimation of parameters of the logistic regression via Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) algorithm. The result of the Bayesian approach is compared with the classical statistics. Results: The mean age of the respondents was 42.2 ±16.6 years with 52% of the women aged between 35-49 years. The results of both techniques suggest that age and women with at least high school education have a significantly higher risk of being diagnosed with malignant breast tumors than benign breast tumors. The results also indicate a reduction of standard errors is associated with the coefficients obtained from the Bayesian approach. In addition, simulation result reveal that women with at least high school are 1.3 times more at risk of having malignant breast lesion in western Nigeria compared to benign breast lesion. Conclusion: We concluded that more efforts are required towards creating awareness and advocacy campaigns on how the prevalence of malignant breast lesions can be reduced, especially among women. The application of Bayesian produces precise estimates for modeling malignant breast cancer.


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