Document Type: Research Articles
Department of Biochemistry, University of Kashmir, J and K, India.
Sher-i- kashmir institute of medical sciences srinagar ,Srinagar, J and K, India.
Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), associated with a state of low grade chronic inflammation, depends on multiple genetic and environmental factors. Elevated levels of inflammatory markers including intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) have been demonstrated in affected women. Recent evidence indicates a significant linkage between chromosome 19p13 loci and multifactorial diseases that have an inflammatory component. The aim of this study was to assess the possible association of the lys469glu (K469E) polymorphism of the ICAM-1 gene located on chromosome 19p13 with risk of PCOS in Kashmiri women. Material and Methods: The K469E single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) was analysed with DNA from peripheral blood leukocytes of 220 PCOS cases and 220 age matched non-PCOS healthy controls using PCR-RFLP. Results: Genotypic frequencies in cases were found to be 32 (14.5%) for EE, 98 (44.5%) for KE, and 90 (40.9%) for KK, with 130 (59.1%) for the KE+EE genotypes compared to healthy control values of 29 (13.2%) for EE, 113 (51.4%) for KE, 78 (35. 5%) for KK and 142 (64.5%) for KE+EE combined.The odds ratios for the EE, KE and KE:EE genotypes were 0.95(95% CI= 0.53-1.71)[p= 0.88], 0.75(95% CI= 0.50-1.12)[p =0.168] and 0.79 (95% CI =0.53-1.16) [p = 0.23], no statistically significant differences being found between cases and controls (χ2 =2.07; p=0.35). Conclusion: In conclusion, there was no apparent significant influence of the K469E polymorphism on risk of PCOS, or any clinical or laboratory parameters.