Document Type: Research Articles
Medical Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.
Arya Tina Gene (ATG) Biopharmaceutical Company, Gorgan, Iran.
Background: Despite recent decrease in the incidence of gastric cancer, it is still a common type of cancer in the north of Iran. Many evaluations have shown that polymorphisms of cytokine genes like that for interleukin 6 (IL-6), which play important roles in regulation of the immune response, can increase the risk of gastric cancer. This study examined the role of the IL-6-174 gene polymorphism in susceptibility in an Iranian population. Method: Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral whole blood of 100 patients and 361 healthy controls. Genotyping was accomplished by the sequence-specific primer-polymerase chain reaction (SSP-PCR) method and statistical analyses were carried out using Fisher’s exact test. Frequencies of the IL-6-174 G/C genotypes were determined under co-dominant, dominant, and recessive genetic models. Results: An association between the polymorphism of IL-6 -174 G/C and susceptibility to gastric cancer was observed. The frequency of G allele was higher in patients (78%) than in controls (70.5 %) (OR=1.48, 95% CI=1.01-2.20, P=0.04). Conclusions: The high G allele and G/G genotype frequency in patients compared to control subjects suggests that the IL-6 -174 G/C polymorphism may influence the susceptibility to gastric cancer. In addition, the demographic information showed that most of the subjects were male (69.0%) that gastric cancer is related to environmental factors.