Treatment-Related Quality of Life in Nepalese Women with Breast Cancer

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

Faculty of Nursing, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

Abstract

 
Objective: To identify the level of quality of life and its predictors in Nepalese women with breast cancer while receiving chemotherapy. Methods: This cross-sectional study with a predictive design was conducted for a conveniently selected sample of 85 Nepalese women with primary breast cancer receiving chemotherapy at outpatient clinics of three cancer hospitals of Kathmandu, Nepal. Data were collected during December 2016 and February 2017 using demographic sheets, the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Core Questionnaire and the modified Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey. Descriptive and inferential statistics were employed for data analysis. Results: The mean age of the sample was 50.2 years (SD = 11.50). Study participants reported moderate to poor quality of life (M = 33.5, SD = 23.5). Multiple regression analysis showed that age, years of education, stage, past breast surgery, overall symptom severity, and social support significantly explained 56.8% of the variance in quality of life (R2 = .568, F (8,76) = 12.469, p = .000). However, overall symptom severity (β = -.477, p= .000) and social support (β = .183, p = .050) were the most important predictors. Conclusions: As Nepalese women reported decreased quality of life, nurses should provide preventive and supportive services to improve the quality of life of their patients during chemotherapy.

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