Descriptive Epidemiology of Cancers in Togo from 2009 to 2016

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

1 Department of Pathology, University Teaching Hospital of Lomé, Lomé, Togo.

2 Department of Urology, University Teaching Hospital of Lomé, Lomé, Togo.

3 Department Hepatogastroenterology, University Teaching Hospital of Lomé, Lomé, Togo.

4 Department of Ophthalmology, University Teaching Hospital of Lomé, Lomé, Togo.

5 Department of Trauma and Orthopedic, University Teaching Hospital of Lomé, Lomé, Togo.

6 Department of Visceral Surgery, University Teaching Hospital of Lomé, Lomé, Togo.

7 Department of Clinical Oncology, University Teaching Hospital of Lomé, Lomé, Togo.

Abstract

 
Background: Cancer is a global public health problem. According to World Report on Cancer in 2000, developing countries are becoming increasingly affected. Methods: This retrospective and descriptive 8-year study of all histological confirmed cancers was conducted using data from the anatomical pathology laboratory registry of Togo’s only laboratory. The parameters were frequency, site and histological type as well as age and gender. Results: We found 1,738 cancers in patients aged from 4 months to 109 years (mean, 50.4 ± 4. The sex ratio (M/F) was 1.3. The most frequent localizations of the cancers were the prostate (10.3%) followed by the breast (9.9%), the stomach (8.4%) and the cervix (7.2%). In women, the median age was 47.4 ± 2.9 years, and the most common cancers were breast cancer (21.2%), followed by cervical cancer (16.3%). In men, the median age was 53.2 ± 7.3 years and the most frequent cancers were prostate cancer (18.5%), non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (13.2%) and stomach cancer (10.7%). In children, Burkitt’s lymphoma (41.8%), retinoblastoma (11.6%) and nephroblastoma (9.6%) were the most important cancers. Conclusion: Cancers are frequent in Togo, those of the prostate, breast and cervix being most important with a worse prognosis. Emphasis should be placed on early detection and diagnosis.

Keywords

Main Subjects