Document Type: Research Articles
Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.
School of Medicine, Walailak University, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand.
Division of Hematopoiesis, Center for AIDS Research, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto 860-0811, Japan.
Melanoma is a cancer that is associated with a high capacity of invasion. Oxidative stress is recognized as cancer growth and progression. The phytochemical pigments of natural products show either anti-oxidant or pro-oxidant activity from the redox system. In addition, the phytophenolics also prevent cancer cell proliferation and progression. Objective: This study aims to investigate the effects of Thai water lily on cell apoptosis and cellular invasion through the role of cellular oxidants in B16 melanoma cells. Methods: The cytotoxicity and cell apoptosis of Thai water lily extract treating B16 cells were performed by using the MTT and Annexin V/PI-flow cytometry methods, respectively. In addition, cellular oxidants and cancer cell invasion were also obtained by using DCFH-DA and Boyden chamber assays, respectively. Results: Thai water lily, Nymphaea stellate extract was shown to be markedly toxic to B16 melanoma cells with IC50 = 814 μg/ml. The extract at 800 and 1,000 μg/ml demonstrated pro-oxidant activity relating to the cell apoptosis. The low concentrations of the extract at 200 and 400 μg/ml showed the anti-oxidant function associated with the inhibitory effect of melanoma cell invasion. Conclusion: Thai water lily extract may play an important role in bioactive work as a chemo preventive agent on the modulation of cellular oxidative stress-induced apoptosis and suppressed cancer cell invasion.