Document Type: Research Articles
The University of Jordan, Faculty of Agriculture, Amman, Jordan.
Health Sciences Department, College of Arts and Sciences, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
Chief Gastroenterology Division, King Hussein Cancer Center Jordan, Amman, Jordan.
Faculty of Medicine, Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan.
University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan.
Cancer Prevention and Control Program, Moores Cancer Center, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.
Background: The effects of consuming fast foods, sweets and beverages on the development of colorectal cancer (CRC) are unclear. The aim of this case-control study was to assess possible associations between the consumption of different fast foods, sweets and beverages and CRC risk in a Jordanian population. Methods: Two hundred and twenty diagnosed CRC cases and 281 controls were enrolled. Diet history was obtained using a validated quantitative questionnaire. Results: Consumption of some types of fast food, and particularly falafel, was associated with an increased risk of developing CRC. Elevated risk was found for potato and corn chips with an AOR of 4.36 (95%CI: 1.24-15.28) for daily consumption and 3.33 (95%CI: 1.00-11.11) for ≥5 servings/week. Consuming 1-2 or >5 servings per week of fried potatoes or 2-3 servings per week of chicken in sandwiches also increased the risk while exposure to fresh tomato juice and hot pepper sauce on a monthly basis appeared to exert a protective effect. Conclusions: Consumption of fried fast food items was significantly linked with an increased risk of developing CRC in Jordan.