Melanoma Screening Day in Krasnoyarsk Krai of the Russian Federation: Results from 2015-2016

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

1 Department of Pathophysiology, Krasnoyarsk State Medical University, Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation.

2 Department of Management in public health, Krasnoyarsk State Medical University, Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation.

3 Outpatient Department, Krasnoyarsk Clinical Regional Hospital, Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation.

Abstract

Objective: The Melanoma Screening Day Campaign started in the Russian Federation in 2006. In the present study,
we analyzed the 2015-2016 survey questionnaire data acquired from screened individuals in the city of Krasnoyarsk in
eastern Siberia, which has a population of one million, in order to understand the level of awareness regarding melanoma/
skin cancer prevention and early diagnosis. Methods: Individuals were enrolled in the screening campaign by mass
media advertising. Free whole-body examinations were provided by the doctors, and the standardized questionnaire
forms (n=444) were completed to obtain relevant demographic, epidemiological, and clinical data. Descriptive and
univariate analyses were conducted to elucidate the main characteristics of the screened population. Percentage frequency
was used to characterize the population. Result: A substantial proportion of the screened individuals were female
(80%). The most common reasons for participating in the screening were a high number of moles, or a change in the
appearance of the moles. Internet recourses were the main channel for obtaining the information about the Melanoma
Day Screening Campaign. 5% of screened individuals had a family history of melanoma/skin cancer. The mean age of
the participants was 36.63±16.31 years. The percentage of screened individuals who took part in this program increased
in 2016 (18%) versus 2015 (8%). In total, 5 individuals with suspected melanoma/skin cancer were identified during
the two-year Campaign, all of whom were referred to the regional oncology center. Conclusion: The analysis of data
from the Melanoma Screening Day Campaign in Krasnoyarsk Krai revealed the necessity to use the media to attract
older subjects with potential melanoma/skin cancer risk to undergo screening. Individuals with suspected malignancies
should be monitored up until the time when a final diagnosis is determined. Moreover, such events are an appropriate
way to inform and educate the public about cutaneous cancer prevention.

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