Knowledge, Perception, and Acceptance of HPV Vaccination and Screening for Cervical Cancer among Women in Yogyakarta Province, Indonesia

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

1 Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

2 BPJS Kesehatan Health Insurance, Indonesia.

Abstract

Objective: To determine knowledge, perception, and acceptance related to cervical cancer, HPV vaccination and
screening for cervical cancer among Indonesian women, particularly in Yogyakarta province. Methods: A convenience
sample of 392 women consists of 192 young women, 100 mothers of girls aged 12 – 15 years, and 100 adult women
in Yogyakarta province, Indonesia was participated in this study. A self-administered paper-based questionnaire was
used to determine demographics characteristics of respondents, as well as their knowledge – perception – acceptance
related to cervical cancer, HPV vaccination, and screening for cervical cancer. Data collection were conducted during
December 2013 to March 2014. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze description of demographics characteristics,
knowledge, perception, and acceptance; while crosstab analysis using Chi-Square was used to analyze the relationship
between demographics characteristics versus knowledge, perception, and acceptance. Results: This study found that
knowledge and perception regarding cervical cancer, HPV vaccination, and screening for cervical cancer among women
in Indonesia, particularly in Yogyakarta Province were still insufficient, however the acceptance was good. Among female
young women, 64% had good knowledge, 62% had positive perception of cervical cancer and HPV vaccination, and
92% tended to accept HPV vaccination. Among mothers of girls aged 12 – 15 years, 44% had good knowledge, 46%
had positive perception of cervical cancer and HPV vaccination, and 91% tended to accept HPV vaccination for their
daughters. Among adult women, 68% had good knowledge, 57% had positive perception of cervical cancer and screening
for cervical cancer, and 90% tended to accept cervical cancer screening. In general, demographics characteristics of
having experience and exposure to information had significant relationship with knowledge, perception, and acceptance
of HPV vaccination and screening for cervical cancer. Conclusions: Either knowledge or perception of cervical cancer
and strategies toward it among Indonesian women particularly in Yogyakarta province were still unsatisfied. Efforts
should be improved for supporting cervical cancer prevention and control in Indonesia through such as education on
cervical cancer disease and strategies toward it.

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