Document Type: Research Articles
Oncology and Radiology Science Cluster, Advanced Medical and Dental Institute, University Sains Malaysia (USM), Kepala Batas, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia.
Department of Family Medicine, University Sains Malaysia (USM), Kepala Batas, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia.
Department of Community Medicine, School of Medical Sciences, University Sains Malaysia (USM), Kepala Batas, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia.
Background: The incidence of cervical cancer in younger women remains high. This is worrisome as it affects
future generations. Therefore Malaysia implements human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccination as a national vaccination
program. Parents play an important role in determining the success of this HPV vaccination program among schoolaged
girls by their compliance. Objective: To assess parental knowledge, decision-making and acceptance of HPV
vaccination. Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted among 280 randomly selected parents of primary
school students aged 11 in Kota Bharu using a pre-validated self-administered questionnaire to assess knowledge and
decision-making with regard to HPV vaccination. Results: Most parents (62%) were shown to have poor knowledge
while most decision-making was shared. Age of respondents (adjusted odds ratio ‘AOR’= 1.09; 95% confidence interval
‘CI’= 1.04-1.14; p <0.001) and good knowledge of HPV vaccination (AOR= 16.32; 95% CI= 7.32-36.4; p <0.001) were
significantly associated with HPV vaccine acceptance. Conclusion: The majority of parents exhibited poor knowledge
which may affect their decision-making and uptake of HPV vaccination among their children. This highlights the need
to better educate parents on HPV vaccination.