Document Type: Research Articles
Consultant Orthopedics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia.
King Hussein Cancer Center, Jordan.
Nursing, University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia.
Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia.
Background: Vitamin D can be obtained through a variety of food sources; however, ultraviolet rays in the sunlight
can convert a natural substance in the skin known as ergosterol to vitamin D. Aim: This study aims to investigate the
prevalence and risk factors linked to vitamin D deficiency among a group of apparently healthy young male and female
Tabuk citizens in Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional study that comprised a convenience sampling method of 350
male and female Tabuk citizens. Results: The results indicated a generalized vitamin D deficiency and severe deficiency
among the participants, where 74.57% of the population had vitamin D deficiency, and 25.43% reported vitamin D
sufficiency. There was a significant positive correlation among the BMI, exercise, exposure to sunlight, vitamin D
intake, and calcium intake with vitamin D status (r = 0.574,** 0.525,** 0.515,** 0.466 and 0.465** at p-value < 0.001,
respectively). Conclusion: The present study indicates vitamin D deficiency to be relatively common even among the
population of Saudi Arabia, a country receiving adequate sunlight. Also, Vitamin D and calcium supplementation can
prove to be beneficial in correcting the deficiency. Moreover, the individuals at a higher risk of vitamin insufficiency,
such as women, need to be educated on the health benefits of vitamin D and calcium supplementation.