Evaluating of Induction of Apoptosis by Cornus mass L. Extract in the Gastric Carcinoma Cell Line (AGS)

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

1 Molecular Medicine Research Center, Research Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.

2 Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.

3 Pistachio Safety Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.

4 Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Afzalipoor Faculty of Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Abstract

Aim and objectives: Natural products and derivatives of medicinal vegetation can play an important role to the
cure tumor. The Present study was focused to determine the effect of Cornus mass L. extract on the induction of
apoptosis in AGS gastric carcinoma cell line in compared to L929 cells. Methods: In this experimental study, AGS
and L929 cells were cultured and treated with different concentrations (0–10 mg/ml) of Cornus mass L. extract for 48
and 72 hours. Cell proliferation was assessed by MTT assay. The optical density of the colored solution was quantified
at 570 nm wavelengths by an ELISA Reader. Making use of the apoptosis detection kit of Annexin V-FITC, PI and
double staining with Annexin V-FITC were carried out for flow cytometry investigations. Data were analyzed by
ANOVA. Variations with a P-value less than 0.05 were considered significant. Results: shows a noticeable deviation
among various concentrations of extract when cells were treated for 48, 72 h declined cell viability in AGS cell line in
comparison L929 cell lines in a dose and time-dependent manner (P < 0.05). This extract also displayed approximately
several-fold increased anti-cancer potency in AGS compared to L929 cells. The IC50 value in AGS cells (evaluated
after 48,72h) of the extract against AGS cells was 5/44, 2/44 mg/ml (p≤0.05). The analysis results of flow cytometry
indicated that apoptosis was induced by the extract in AGS cells treated, compared with L929 cells. Conclusion: Each
of our results implicates the reality that Cornus mass L. extract acts as a novel, potent inhibitor of cancer proliferation
in in vitro. This may result in developing a promising therapeutic agent for the treatment of indole-sensitive cancers.

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