Polycythaemia Vera among Sudanese Patients with Special Emphasis on JAK2 Mutations

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

1 Department of Haematology, Faculty of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Al-Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan.

2 Department of Haematology, School of Medical Sciences, University Sains Malaysia, Health Campus, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia.

3 Royal Care International Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan.

Abstract

Background: In recent years, a somatic point mutation in the Janus Kinase 2 (JAK2) gene (1849 G→T, V617F)
has been reported to occur in over 90% of patients with polycythemia vera (PV). Another JAK2 mutation in exon 12
had been described and shown capable of activating erythropoietin signaling pathways. Objective: In this study, we
aimed to determine the frequency of Jak2 mutations (JAK2V617F and JAK2 exon 12) as well as their relationships
with hematological parameters in Sudanese patients with myeloproliferative disorders (MPD). A comparison with
findings of published studies from other geographic regions was included. Materials and Methods: From each of
a total of 83 polycythaemia patients, six milliliters (ml) of venous blood were collected and processed for molecular
analysis and measurement of serum erythropoietin level by enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA). The JAK2 V617F
mutation was determined using an allele-specific competitive blocker (ACB) -PCR assay and High Resolution Melting
(HRM) analysis was applied for the JAK2 exon 12 mutation. Results: According to patients’ history and the results
for EPO levels, nine (10.7 %) out of 83 patients were found to have secondary polycythaemia and 74 (89.3%) PV. The
overall frequency of the 2 JAK2 mutations was 94.6% in our Sudanese PV patients, JAK2V617F being found in 91%
and JAK2 exon 12 mutations in 8.1%.Conclusion: In summary JAK2 V617F and JAK2 exon 12 mutations are very
common in Sudanese PC cases.

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