The Effect of the Family-Centered Empowerment Model (FCEM) on the Care Burden of the Parents of Children Diagnosed with Cancer

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

1 Center for Nursing Care Research, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

2 Member of Center for Nursing Care Research, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Background: Families face multiple problems after their children are diagnosed with cancer. This study aims to
determine the effect of the Family-Centered Empowerment Model (FCEM) on the care burden of the parents of children,
diagnosed with cancer. Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted with 78 parents, having children with
cancer. The FCEM was implemented in the intervention group in four stages, namely perceived a threat, self-efficacy,
educational participation, and evaluation during four sessions of 20-40 minutes. The control group only received the
usual care. The burden of care of the control and intervention groups were measured one month after filling out the
initial questionnaire, and one month after the end of the intervention, respectively. Results: The two groups were
similar in terms of demographic variables and level of burden of care. However, a statistically significant difference
was observed between the two groups, in terms of the level of burden (p<0.001). Conclusion: The results of this study
showed that the empowerment of parents of children with cancer has an impact on reducing their care burden, and
using this empowerment model is recommended to the treatment team, especially nurses.

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