Clinicopathologic Features of Colorectal Polyps in Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences (SBMU)

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

1 Cancer Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

2 Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

3 Research Center for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

4 Department of Pathology, Hamedan University of Medical Sciences, Hamedan, Iran.

5 Department of Pathology, Azad Medical University, Mashhad, Iran.

6 Department of Medical Genetics, Schoolof Medicine, Shahid Behesti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

7 University of Toronto, Department of Biology, Toronto, Canada.

8 Department of Anatomy, Medical School, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Aim: This study was designed to report epidemiologic findings of polyps in Iranian patients, and predict histology of polyp regarding to demographic and colonoscopic findings. Background: Classification of colorectal polyps had been revised in the past two decades and there is a need for polyp categorization in the Iranian Health System. Patients and methods: In this retrospective study, the medical records of patients with colonoscopic diagnosis of polyp in pathology departments of SBMU affiliated teaching hospitals were reviewed. Patient’s slides evaluated and demographics findings were assessed. The anatomical location, macroscopic appearance including size and histological assessment of all polyps were recorded. Results: From total number of 1106 polyps (detected in 862 patients), adenomatous polyps (638 [57.7%]) were the most prevalent findings, followed by colon mucosal tag (184[16.6%]), hyperplastic and serrated polyps (122[11%]), inflammatory polyps (110[9.9%]), hamartomatous (21[1.9%]), and malignant lesions (13[1.2%]). Multivariate logistic regression showed age (each one year increasing age; odds ratio [OR] = 1.026, 95%confidence interval [CI] = 1.016–1.036, p < 0.0001), location of polyp (right colon; OR = 1.905, 95%CI = 1.366–2.656, p < 0.0001), and polyp size of 5-10 mm (OR = 1.662, 95%CI = 1.214–2.276, p = 0.002), and polyp size of >10 mm (OR = 2.778, 95%CI = 1.750–4.411, p< 0.0001) were independently associated with neoplastic polyps. Also, polyp size of >10 mm (OR= 2.613, 95%CI= 1.083-6.307, p=0.033), tubulovillous pattern of polyp (OR= 3.508, 95%CI= 1.666-7.387, p=0.001) and villous pattern of polyp (OR= 10.444, 95%CI= 4.211-25.905, p

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