Document Type : Research Articles
Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India.
Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, School of Pharmacy, International Medical University, Jalan Jalil Perkasa, Bukit Jalil, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Department of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, JIS University, Kolkata, India.
Controlled release delivery system of chemotherapeutic agents at the site of colon endorses modern drug-entrapped
delivery tools, which release the entrappedagents at a controlled rate for anextended period providing patient compliance
and additional protection from the degradinggastric environment. Thus, the present study was aimed to develop
and optimize a novel polymeric microsphere of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) using natural gum katira to obtain an optimal
therapeutic response at the colon. Due course of experimentation, in-vivo safety profile of the gum katira in an animal
model was established. Modified solvent extraction/evaporation technique wasemployed to encapsulate 5-FU in the
natural polymeric microsphere and was characterized using in-vitro studies to investigate particle size, morphology,
encapsulation efficiency and release of the drug from developed formulation. Formulated and optimized polymeric
microsphere of 5-FU using gum katira polymer own optimal physicochemical characteristics with a fine spherical particle
with size ranged from 210.37±7.50 to 314.45±7.80 μm.Targeted microsphere exhibited good cytotoxicity and also has
high drug entrapment efficiency, and satisfactory release pattern of the drug within a time frame of 12 h. Finally, we
foresee that the optimized polymeric gum katiramicrosphere of 5-FU could be a promising micro-carrier for efficient
colon drug targeting delivery tool with improved chemotherapeutic efficacy against colon cancer.