Document Type: Research Articles
Molecular and Medicine Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.
Traditional and Complementary Medicine Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.
Department of Molecular Medicine and Biotechnology, Faculty of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.
Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.
Background: Despite effective activity of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), such as erlotinib, all non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients eventually acquire resistance to these agents. Studies have demonstrated that down-regulation of miRNA-145 leads to enhancement of EGFR expression, cell proliferation and metastasis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of miRNA-145 on sensitivity of the A549 NSCLC cells to erlotinib. Methods: Quantitative real-time PCR was used to examine the effect of miRNA-145 on EGFR expression. The effect of miRNA-145 on cell growth and sensitivity the lung cancer cells to erlotinib was examined by trypan blue and MTT assays, respectively. The combination index was calculated using the non-constant method of Chou-Talalay. Apoptosis was determined by ELISA cell death assay. Results: We found that miRNA-145 was markedly suppressed the expression of EGFR and inhibited the cancer cell growth, relative to blank control and negative control miRNA (p<0.05). Pretreatment with miRNA-145 synergistically enhanced the sensitivity of the lung cancer cells to erlotinib. Results of apoptosis assay revealed that miRNA-145 can induce apoptosis and increase the erlotinib-mediated apoptosis. Conclusions: Our data demonstrate that miRNA-145 play a critical role in the lung cancer cell growth, survival and EGFR-TKIs resistance possibly by regulation of EGFR. Therefore, miRNA-145 replacement therapy can become a new therapeutic strategy in lung cancer.