Document Type : Short Communications
Sidra Medical and Research Center, Qatar, Specialist Physician, Womens Health Institute, Al Ain Hopital, United Arab Emirates.
Objectives: The objectives of the study are to assess the prevalence of colposcopic and histological abnormalities in patients diagnosed with ASCUS and ASC-H and to compare the prevalence of CIN in each group. Methods: Population-based cross-sectional retrospective study was conducted in one of tertiary hospitals in UAE. All cervical smears reported as ASCUS or ASC-H in 2015 were included in this study. The local guideline in 2015 was to refer all cases of ASC for colposcopy assessment. Results: Overall 7,418 cervical smears were processed at our laboratory service, 5.6% (n=413) were reported as ASC. 95% of them (n=394) were ASCUS and 5% (n=19) were ASC-H. The overall prevalence of high grade CIN in patients with ASC-H is 26% compared with 0.8% for patients with ASCUS regardless the age. The relative risk of patients with ASC-H is 8 folds higher than patients with ASCUS to have low grade CIN but 29 fold higher risk of having High grade CIN and the P value =0.0001.Conclusion: ASC-H cytology confers a substantially higher risk for high grade CIN than ASCUS regardless of age. HPV test is an important triage test in patients with ASCUS to predict cellular changes and CIN.