P21 Ser31Arg and FGFR2 rs2981582 Polymorphisms as Risk Factors for Early Onset of Breast Cancer in Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

1 Department of Histology and Cell Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jl. Farmako, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

2 Undergraduate Programme, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jl. Farmako, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

3 Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jl. Farmako, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Abstract

Objectives: Breast cancer tend to be more progressive with poorer prognosis in younger patients than those at an older age. Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) of P53 Pro72Arg, MDM2 SNP309, P21 Ser31Arg, ER SNP594, HER2 Ile655Val, and FGFR2 rs2981582 have drawn attention as genetic factors associated with cancer risk. However, there were contradictory results involving different races and their association is still unknown in Indonesian populations. This study was performed to examine the proportion of these six genes polymorphisms and their associations with age of onset of breast cancer patients in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Methods: Biorepository DNA from 199 patients registered at Dr. Sardjito Hospital Yogyakarta from 2006-2013 were tested for polymorphisms using the PCR-RFLP method. Samples were taken from two age groups; early-onset (55 years). Chi-square tests with odds ratio were used for data analysis. Results: The mean age of the early-onset group was 36±4.2 years, while the late-onset group was 62±6.9 years. AA genotype and A allele of P21 and TT genotypes and T allele of FGFR2 were significantly more frequent and were associated with an increased risk of early-onset of breast cancer (95%CI: 2.54 and 1.59; 2.63 and 1.64, respectively). Conclusions: Our study indicates that the A allele of P21 and the allele T of FGFR2 may be associated with an increased risk of early-onset of breast cancer in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Further analysis is needed to confirm the findings.

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