Benefits of Aerobic Exercise for Breast Cancer Survivors: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials

Document Type: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Authors

1 Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

2 Medical Research Group of Egypt, Cairo, Egypt.

3 Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt.

4 Cancer Research Cluster, Alexandria, University, Alexandria, Egypt.

5 Medical Research Institute, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt.

6 Department of Physical therapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Beirut Arab University, Beirut, Lebanon.

Abstract

Background: Physical exercise may be beneficial to breast cancer (BC) survivors. Here, we systematically summarized the effects of aerobic exercise in BC survivors. We conducted a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Methods: We searched PubMed, Web of knowledge, Scopus, Cochrane Central, Virtual Health Library and PEDRO databases for relevant RCTs, comparing aerobic exercise with usual care among BC survivors. Data were extracted and evidence was synthesized narratively. Results: Twelve studies were included in this systematic review. Studies reported that aerobic exercise can significantly improve the quality of life in BC survivors. Moreover, aerobic exercise alleviated the symptoms of depression and anxiety. However, current evidence from the included studies showed that there was no significant benefit for aerobic exercise in terms of weight loss. Conclusion: Our study suggests that aerobic exercise is beneficial to BC survivors. Clinical Relevance: Aerobic exercise should be recommended in the therapeutic and rehabilitative regimens of BC survivors.
 

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