Association between C1236T Genetic Variant of ABCB1 Gene and Molecular Response to Imatinib in Indonesian Chronic Myeloid Patients

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

1 Department of Internal Medicine, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.

2 Clinical Pharmacology Fellowship Program, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.

3 Human Genetic Research Center, Indonesian Medical Education, and Research Institute, Jakarta Indonesia.

4 Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Abstract

Objective: Imatinib is the first-line drug used for the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients due to high molecular response and overall survival rate. However, some patients develop resistance to imatinib even after attaining a response. Mutation in ABCB1 efflux transporters is one of the known mechanisms of resistance to imatinib in chronic myeloid leukemia patients. This study was aimed to investigate the association of ABCB1 C1236T polymorphism in Indonesian chronic myeloid patients with molecular response to imatinib treatment. Methods: We analyzed 120 samples from chronic myeloid leukemia patients in the chronic phase, who had been on imatinib treatment for at least 12 months. We analyzed the C1236T variant of the ABCB1 gene using PCR, followed by direct sequencing, and associate them with the achievement of major molecular response (MMR). Results: The major molecular response was achieved in 28% of patients. The frequencies of the SNPs were CC (40%), CT (46%), and TT (14%). Our result showed that there was a lack of association between polymorphism of ABCB1 C1236T and imatinib response in Indonesian patients, with OR = 0.646 (95% CI: 0.283, 1.471; p>0.05). Conclusion: There was no association between ABCB1 C1236T variants with the major molecular response in Indonesian chronic myeloid leukemia patients receiving imatinib treatment.

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