Document Type : Research Articles
Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.
Division of Medical Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.
Faculty of Medicine, Srinakharinwirot University, Bangkok, Thailand.
Reasearch Center, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.
Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Rajamangala University of Technology Suvarnabhumi, Thailand.
Objective: BIM is a modulator of apoptosis that is triggered by EGFR-TKIs. This study evaluated the role of BIM deletion and its expression as predictor of EGFR-TKI treatment outcome. Methods: The medical record of 185 EGFR-positive advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with/ without EGFR-TKI treatment between 9/2012 and 12/2014 were retrospectively reviewed. BIM deletion polymorphism and expression were tested by RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry, respectively. Survival outcomes in EGFR-TKI-treated patients were analyzed according to treatment sequence and EGFR mutation. The correlation between BIM deletion polymorphism, expression, response rate (as a function of EGFR-TKI treatment) and schedule was also explored. Result: EGFR-TKIs were administered to 139 (75.1%) of the 185 patients: as the first-line in 52 (37.4%) patients and as later-line treatment in 87 (62.6%) patients. Median overall survival (mOS) was significantly longer in EGFR-TKIs treated patients (28.9 vs. 7.4 months, P<0.001). Among L858R-mutated patients, median progression-free survival (mPFS) was significantly longer in first-line EGFR TKI treatment than a later-line (12.6 vs. 6.3 months, P=0.03). BIM deletion polymorphism and expression was detected in 20.2% and 52.7%, respectively. Patients without BIM deletion polymorphism had a significantly longer mOS when treated with a first-line than with a later-line EGFR-TKI (28.9 vs. 20.7 months, P= 0.04). Patients without BIM expression had a significantly longer mPFS (9.6 vs. 7.3 months, P=0.01) better mOS and response rate (RR). Conclusion: BIM deletion polymorphism and expression may predict an EGFR-TKI response in patients with EGFR-positive during therapy.