Survival Rates and Associated Factors of Colorectal Cancer Patients in Brunei Darussalam

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

1 Faculty of Science, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Jln Tungku Link, Brunei Darussalam.

2 Institute of Applied Data Analytics, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Jln ungku Link, Brunei Darussalam.

3 NCD Prevention Unit, Ministry of Health, Commonwealth Drive, Brunei Darussalam.

4 Gastroenterology and Hepatology Unit, Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Saleha Hospital, Brunei Darussalam.

5 Early Detection & Cancer Prevention Services, Pantai Jerudong Specialist Centre, Brunei Darussalam.

Abstract

Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer in both men and women. In most Asian countries, both the incidence and mortality rates of CRC are gradually increasing. In Brunei Darussalam, CRC ranks first and second in lifetime risk among men and women respectively. This study aims to report the overall survival rates and associated factors of CRC in Brunei Darussalam. Methods: This is a retrospective study examining CRC data for the period 2007 to 2017 retrieved from a population based cancer registry in Brunei Darussalam. A total of 728 patients were included in the analysis. Kaplan Meier method was used to estimate survival rates. Univariate analysis using log-rank test was used to examine the differences in survival between groups. Multivariate analysis using Cox PH regression was used to estimate hazard of death and obtain significant predictors that influence CRC patients’ survival. Results: The median survival time for colorectal, colon and rectal cancer patients were 57.0, 85.8 and 40.0 months respectively. The overall 1-, 3- and 5- year survival rates for CRC patients were 78.0%, 57.7% and 49.6% respectively. In univariate analysis, age at diagnosis, ethnicity, cancer stage, tumour location and histology were found to have significant difference in CRC patients’ survival. In the Cox PH analysis, older age (≥70 years), cancer stage, ethnicity and other histological type were determined as associated factors of CRC patients’ survival. Conclusion: This study found the overall 5-year survival rate of CRC in Brunei Darussalam is similar to that in some Asian countries such as Singapore and Malaysia. However, more efforts need to be carried out in order to raise awareness of CRC and improve the survival of CRC patients.

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