Association of PON1-L55M Genetic Variation and Breast Cancer Risk: A Case-Control Trial

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

1 Student Research Committee, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

2 School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

3 Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.

4 Pathology Department, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

5 Cellular and Molecular Biology Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

Abstract

Background: Paraoxonase 1 (PON1), a multifactorial antioxidant enzyme, has a defensive role against oxidative stress, which is believed to contribute to cancer development. This study aimed to investigate the association of PON1-L55M functional polymorphism with breast cancer risk. Material and methods: In the experimental study, blood samples were collected from 150 healthy women controls and 150 breast cancer subjects. The L55M genotyping was performed by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Results: Our analysis showed that the genotypes distribution is in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium for both case and control groups. Our data revealed that there are significant associations between PON1-L55M polymorphism and breast cancer risk in homozygote (OR= 2.13, 95%CI= 1.14-4.00, p= 0.018), dominant (OR= 1.72, 95%CI= 1.07-2.76, p= 0.024), and allelic (OR= 1.55, 95%CI= 1.12-2.15, p= 0.008) models. Conclusions: Our results suggest that the PON1-L55M genetic variation could be a genetic risk factor for breast cancer risk and it could be considered as a molecular biomarker for screening of susceptible women.
 

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