Design, One Pot Synthesis and Molecular Docking Studies of Substituted-1H-Pyrido[2,1-b] Quinazolines as Apoptosis-Inducing Anticancer Agents

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

1 Centre for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Institute of Science and Technology, JNTUH, Kukatpally, Hyderabad, , Telangana, India.

2 Department of Pharmacy, Anurag Group of Institutions, Venkatapur, Ghatkaser, Medchal, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Abstract

Objective: The present study focused to build pyridine and quinazoline rings in a single molecule and designed a new fused Pyrido[2,1-b] quinazoline to have a better pharmacological activity. Material and Methods: A three component, one-pot synthesis of substituted-1H-Pyrido[2,1-b] quinazoline derivatives has been described by conventional and microwave synthesis using triflic acid as catalyst. These compounds were screened for in vitro cytotoxic activity against the panel of cancer cell lines A549, NCI-H460, HT-29, HCT-15, DU-145, and HFL. Results: Among the tested compounds, 11-(1-benzyl-1H-indol-3-y1)-2, 3, 4, 11-tetrahydro-1H-pyrido[2,1-b] quinazoline (4i) showed most potent cytotoxicity against A549 and NCI-H460 lung cancer cell lines with IC50 values 4.57±0.25 and 5.53±0.49 µM, respectively. Moreover, compound 4i was found to be most potent considerable cell growth inhibition with GI50 values of 2.70±0.18 and 3.24±0.40 µM against A549 and NCI-H460 cell lines, respectively. In addition, induction of apoptosis for compound 4i on A549 was investigated by morphological changes, Acridine orange/ethidium bromide (AO/EB) and DAPI staining. Furthermore, a strong anti-clonogenic effect of compound 4i on lung cancer cells was observed. The flow cytometric analysis investigation reveals that compound 4i arrests the A549 cancer cell lines at the G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle. Molecular docking were also performed on 4i, 4j, and erlotinib to predict the binding mode towards the EGFR kinase (PDB code: 1M17) and the compounds have displayed similar interactions and compared with erlotinib. Conclusion: Overall, these findings could suggest that the compound 4i would be an ideal lead as an anticancer agent.

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