Screening, Monitoring, and Treatment of Precancerous Atrophic Gastritis in the Prospective Study for Seven Years

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

1 Department of Therapy, Medical Institute, North Caucasus State Academy for Humanities and Technologies, Cherkessk, Stavropolskaya Street 36, Russian Federation.

2 Department of Software Development, Department of Mathematics, Institute of Applied Mathematics and Information Technology, North Caucasus State Academy for Humanities and Technologies, Cherkessk, Stavropolskaya Street 36, Russian Federation.

Abstract

AIM: Develop a program to identify, treat, and prevent severe atrophic gastritis to reduce gastric cancer incidence and mortality. MAterials and Methods: In total, 2,847 people aged > 40 years old underwent serological noninvasive screening for atrophic gastritis by identifying postprandial gastrin-17 and pepsinogen-1 in the fasting state. Anti-H pylori IgG was found in 2,134 patients. Seven years later, 2,220 patientswho had undergone serological noninvasive screening were asked to fill out a questionnaire survey (were interviewed). We could not find any information on 627 of 2,847 patients. Next, 75 patients with multifocal atrophic gastritis who underwent gastroscopy and biopsies (the Updated Sydney System (USS)) were selected. To study gastrin-17 production, morpho-functional correlation was studies in 75 patients with multifocal atrophic gastritis. Results: During seven years, no reported case of gastric cancer was done among 2,220 persons who underwent serological screening and treatment. In the same population, 4.3 persons who did not receive screening during the same period, developed gastric cancer and died of it. In this study, we can say that 4.3 lives were saved out of 2,220 tested persons. The cost for screening this number of people amounted to €23,750. A comparison of the prevalence rate of the four stages of multifocal atrophic gastritis based on the data of the histopathology tests and noninvasive serologic screening in accordance with OLGA classification showed a strong correlation (the correlation coefficient is 0.812). This finding suggested that using this classification not only for histopathology tests for atrophic gastritis but also for serologic markers of antral mucosa and corpus ventriculi atrophy: gastrin-17 and pepsinogen-1. Conclusion: Complex pathogenetic treatment of atrophic gastritis significantly reduced gastric cancer risk and incidence for such patients.
 

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