The Effect of ACE Inhibitor on the Quality of Life amongst Patients with Cancer Cachexia

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

1 Hematology Research Center, Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

2 Department of Internal Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

3 Cardiovascular Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Abstract

Background: ACEI (Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors) inhibits tumor growth and development. Different mechanisms have been proposed for this matter, including the inhibition of enzymes that are involved in extracellular matrix degradation, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and etc. The present study was designed with the aim to investigate the effects of low dose ACEI on the Quality of Life (QoL) of non-hospitalized gastric cancer patients with cachexia.Materials and Methods: This study was a single-blinded randomized controlled clinical trial conducted in clinics affiliated with Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (SUMS). All participants were patients with gastric cancer in cancer cachexia step aged 40-80 years old who had referred to our clinics from October 2013 to April 2014. In the intervention group, patients were assigned to receive ACEI (Captopril) and the placebo group served as control and received placebo during the same time course. They were asked questions in order to fill out QLQ-C30 (Persian Version) questionnaire 3 times; baseline, 1 and 2 months after their first visit. Results: The mean age of patients was 60.55 ± 12.07 (range 31-80) years and the mean BMI of the patients was 17.21 ± 2.31. In the ACEI group, physical functioning and fatigue score changes were significant 1 and 2 months after treatment. The mean of fatigue score decreased significantly in the placebo group. Overall, global health status scores significantly increased in both groups, but other items of QoL did not change significantly. Conclusion: Overall, our results showed that Captopril does not have a significant positive effect on QoL of patients with cancer cachexia.
 

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