Genetic Polymorphism of GSTP1, GSTM1 and GSTT1 Genes and Susceptibility to Chronic Myeloid Leukaemia

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

1 Department of Hematology, Faculty of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Al Neelain University, Sudan.

2 Clinical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Shaqra University, Saudi Arabia.

3 Clinical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Jouf University, Saudi Arabia.

4 School of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences, University of Portsmouth, UK.

Abstract

Background: The development of cancer results from an imbalance between exposure to carcinogens and the capacity of various enzyme systems engaged in activation or in the detoxification of xenobiotics. The aim of the present study is to investigate the association of GSTP1, GSTM1 and GSTT1 gene polymorphisms in susceptibility to Chronic Myeloid Leukaemia (CML). Methods: A total of 200 CML patients and 100 controls were enrolled in a case-control study with GSTM1 and GSTT1 analysis with PCR and GSTP1 analysis with PCR-RFLP. Results: The GSTT1 null genotype was significantly higher among CML patients suggesting that this genotype is associated with an increased risk of CML. It was found in 42% of cases as compared with 21% of the controls, (OR =2.78, 95% CI: 1.59 - 4.85; p-value =0.000). The presence of the GSTT1 genotype may thus be considered a protective factor for CML. The frequency of individuals carrying GSTM1 null genotype was slightly higher in the control group but this difference was not statistically significant. The GSTM1 null genotype was present in 35% of control cases and 34% of the CML patients, (OR=0.975, 95%CI: 0.58-1.58;p-value=0.863). Individuals with a combined GSTM1 null/GSTT1null genotype had an estimated 2.85-fold increased risk of CML, but no associated risk between GSTP1 Ile 105 Val polymorphism and CML was found (OR=1.99, 95% CI: 0.40 - 9.32; p-value = 0.417). Conclusions: No association between GSTP1 and GSTM1 with susceptibility to CML was found. GSTT1 genotype may be a protective factor for CML, while the null genotype shows association with developing CML.
 

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