Document Type: Research Articles
Department of Medical Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.
Objectives: Searching for sensitive, minimally invasive biomarkers that represent tumor-associated changes in the peripheral blood might enable the early diagnosis of breast cancer (BC) and monitoring of tumor progression. Methods: Herein, we investigated the association of some circulating biomarkers with the risk of metastasis. In the current study, 115 BC patients which were subdivided into two groups: nonmetastatic breast cancer patients (NMBC) (n=83) and metastatic breast cancer patients (MBC) (n=32), and 79 apparently healthy controls were recruited. Serum protein levels of lysosomal protein transmembrane 4 beta (LAPTM4B), receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa b (NF-Kb) ligand (RANKL), osteoprotegerin (OPG), vitamin D (VIT D), chitinase-3-like protein 1 (also known as YKL-40), and sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) were assessed in blood samples using ELISA technique. Results: The results showed that RANKL and OPG had the highest diagnostic potential for MBC detection, with area under the curve values of 0.97 and 0.94, respectively. Moreover, logistic regression analysis showed that RANKL had the highest differentiation power in the discrimination of MBC from NMBC. Conclusion: The study highlighted that measuring RANKL and OPG may be helpful in the early detection of metastasis in Egyptian patients with BC.