Document Type : Research Articles
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, SRM Dental College, Ramapuram, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
Enable Biolabs, Madurai Meenakshipuram Extension, Urapakkam, Chennai, India.
Aim: Enormous attempts have been made to develop and establish markers that determines the susceptibility of potentially malignant tissues to transform to oral cancer. E - cadherin encoded by CDH1 gene is a protein which plays an important role in cellular adhesion. This study aimed to assess the relationship between the expression of E- cadherin and different grades of epithelial dysplasia in oral leukoplakia. Materials and Methods: Tumour biopsies from fifty leukoplakia patients was collected. Half of the tissue was sent for histopathological examination and other half was subjected to see E - cadherin expression by real time PCR. Results: On assessing, the expression of E - cadherin was found to be high in samples with mild dysplasia followed by samples with moderate dysplasia. Samples with severe dysplastic feature showed least expression of E - cadherin. All statistical analyses were performed using Statistical Package for Social science (SPSS) and was proven that there is significant decrease in the expression of E - cadherin as the degree of dysplasia increases with a p value 0.001 and confidence interval 95%. Conclusion: We conclude that loss of E - cadherin can be used as a tumour marker that could determine the susceptibility of normal and potentially malignant tissues to transform into oral cancers. To generalise our results, further prospective studies with a large sample size using quantitative real time PCR to read the gene expression should be carried out at multi centre levels.