Document Type : Research Articles
Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology and Oral Microbiology, Post Graduate Institute of Dental Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, India.
Department of Microbiology, Maharishi Dayanand University, Rohtak, Haryana, India.
Objective: Oral cancer usually has an early precancerous stage before its actual malignant transformation. Although there are various approaches to diagnose early stages of cancer, yet there is one less explored, cost effective and simple technique known as crystallization test. The aim of the study was to reaffirm the effectiveness of Pfeiffer’s crystallization test in screening oral leukoplakia and squamous cell carcinoma. Methods: Fifty oral leukoplakia, sixty five oral squamous cell carcinoma and sixty healthy individuals participated in crystallization test. Single blood drop was used to perform the test and obtained crystal patterns were analysed. Cross tabulation and Chi-Square test was performed to find the frequency and association between the groups. Kruskal-Wallis H test and Mann Whitney U test was applied comparing mean transverse form. Results: Sensitivity of crystallization test was 80% and 93.84% in oral leukoplakia and squamous cell carcinoma. Chi-Square analysis revealed highly significant transverse form between the study groups (p < 0.000). Conclusion: Crystallization test proves to be simple, reliable and minimal invasive diagnostic approach under strictly maintained physical conditions.