Document Type : Research Articles
National Cancer Institute, Cairo University, Kasr Al Eini Street, Fom El Khalig, Cairo, Egypt.
Genome Onco-Center, 52, Gameat Al Dowal Alarabya , Mohandeseen, Cairo, Egypt.
Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Al-Saray Street, El Manial, Cairo, Egypt.
Objective: IDH mutations diversely affect the prognosis of cyogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia (CN-AML) adult patients. The aim of this study is to assess the frequency of IDH mutations and to evaluate its role in AML prognosis. Methods: We have analyzed IDH1 and 2 mutations using High Resolution Melting curve analysis (HRM) in 70 denovo AML patients. Results: The median age of AML patients is 40 years (16-75). Incidence of IDH mutations is 10/70 (14.3%); 2 (2.9%) IDH1 mutant and 8 (11.4%) IDH2 mutant. Median PB blasts of mutant IDH patients was 67.5% (25-96) vs. 44% (0-98) for wild type (p=0.065). Eight/10 (80%) mutant IDH patients had B.M blasts ≥50% vs. 2/10 (20%) <50% (p<0.001) and were classified as intermediate risk cytogenetics (p=0.020) with wild FLT3-ITD (p=0.001). Ten/10 (100%) mutant IDH patients showed wild NPM1 (p=0.049). Median OS of mutant IDH in the intermediate risk cytogenetics was 1.8 years (0.7-3.1) vs. 3.1 years (1.1-5.5) for wild IDH (p=0.05). Conclusion: IDH mutation is mainly associated with intermediate risk AML and when integrated in this specific subgroup displays a lower survival and can be considered an additional integrated molecular risk marker for AML prognosis.