Document Type: Research Articles
Department of Radiology，Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine，Jiangsu Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine，Nanjing, Jiangsu Province ,China.
Department of Medical Imaging, Nanjing Vocational Health College, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China.
Department of Nursing, The Affiliated Children's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China.
Department of Nursing, Nanjing Health College of Jiangsu Union Technical Institute, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China.
Department of Basic Medical Science, Zhejiang University Medical College, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China.
Department of Oncology, Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China.
Department of Radiotherapy, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China.
Objective: The study was undertaken to investigate the effects of polyethyleneimine (PEI)-mediated adenovirus 5 early region 1A (E1A) on radiosensitivity of human hepatic carcinoma cell in vitro and to disclosure the underlying mechanism. Materials and Methods: Human hepatic carcinoma SMMC-7721 cell line was transfected with E1A gene using PEI vector. Untransfected cells (SMMC-7721 group), cells transfected with blank-vector (SMMC-7721-vect group), and cells transfected with E1A gene (SMMC-7721-E1A group) were treated with 6 MV X-ray irradiation at doses of 0, 1, 2, 4, 8 and Gy, respectively. Radiosensitivity was determined by MTT assay and quantified by calculating the cell survival rate. Cell-cycle distribution and apotosis rate were monitored by flow cytometry. Results: The survival rate of SMMC-7721-E1A was significantly lower than that of SMMC-7721 cell. Apoptosis rate of SMMC-7721-E1A group was significantly higher than that of SMMC-7721group (P<0.01).The ratio of S stage in cell cycle of SMMC-7721-E1A was significantly lower than that in SMMC-7721 cell. The ratio of G2/M stage in cell cycle of SMMC-7721-E1A was significantly higher than that in SMMC-7721 cell (P<0.01). Conclusion: PEI could transfect E1A gene into hepatic carcinoma cells PEI-mediated E1A could effectively enhance radiosensitivity of hepatic carcinoma cells which may be related to its effects on apoptosis promoting leading to S phase suppression and G2/M phase arrest.