Cytotoxicity Activity and Druggability Studies of Sigmasterol Isolated from Marine Sponge Dysidea avara Against Oral Epithelial Cancer Cell (KB/C152) and T-Lymphocytic Leukemia Cell Line (Jurkat/ E6-1)

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

1 Persian Gulf and Oman Sea Ecological Center, Iranian Fisheries Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Bandar Abbas, Iran.

2 Marine Pharmaceutical Science Research Center, School of Pharmacy, Ahvaz, Jundishapur University of Medical sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

3 Iranian Fisheries Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran.

4 Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran.

5 Department of Hepatitis and AIDS, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran.

6 Department of Food and Drug Administration, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

Abstract

Background: Marine sponge is a rich natural resource of many pharmacological compounds and various bioactive anticancer agents are derived from marine organisms like sponges. Methods: studying the anticancer activity and Drug ability of marine sponge Dysidea avara using Cell lines oral epithelial cancer cell (KB/C152) and T-lymphocytic leukemia cell line (Jurkat/ E6-1). Marine sponge was collected from Persian Gulf. Several analytical techniques have been used to obtain and recognize stigmasterol, including column chromatography, thin layer chromatography, and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The PASS Prediction Activity was used to investigate the apoptosis-inducing effect of stigmasterol. The cytotoxic activity of stigmasterol was examined using yellow tetrazolium salt XTT (sodium 2, 3,-bis (2methoxy-4-nitro-5-sulfophenyl)-5-[(phenylamino) carbonyl]-2H-tetrazolium) assay. The stigmasterol were docked within the protein tyrosine kinase (PTKs) (PDB code: 1t46) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFRK) (PDB code: 1M17). Also, the pharmacological characteristics of stigmasterol were predicted using PerADME, SwissADME, and Molinspi ration tools. Apoptosis-inducing effect of stigmasterol indicate the stigmasterol in terms of the possibility of apoptosis in cells. Results: The apoptosis inducement results of known stigmasterol were determined by PASS on-line prediction. The compound exhibit potent cytotoxic properties against KB/C152 cell compared to Jurkat/ E6-1 cell. The stigmasterol showed the cytotoxicity effects on KB/C152 and HUT78 with IC50 ranges of 81.18 and 103.03 μg/ml, respectively. Molecular docking showed that, stigmasterol bound stably to the active sites of the protein tyrosine kinase (PTKs) (PDB code: 1t46) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFRK) (PDB code: 1M17). Conclusion: The compound showed desirable pharmacokinetic properties (ADME). This provided direct evidence of how a prospective anti-cancer agent can be stigmasterol. The preclinical studies paved the way for a potential new compound of anti-cancer.

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