Association between Ki-67 Labeling index and Histopathological Grading of Glioma in Indonesian Population

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

1 Department of Anatomical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada (FK-KMK UGM), Dr. Sardjito General Hospital, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

2 Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada (FK-KMK UGM), Dr. Sardjito General Hospital, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

3 Department of Anatomical Pathology, Dr. Soeradji Tirtonegoro General Hospital, Klaten, Central Java, Indonesia.

4 Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada (FK-KMK UGM), Dr. Sardjito General Hospital, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Abstract

Background: Gliomas are the most frequent primary brain tumors. According to World Health Organization guidelines, gliomas are graded into four groups (Group I-IV). This histological grading will determine prognosis and treatment of the patient. Morphological criteria are not always accurate. Tumor proliferation index is a potent quantitative marker for tumor behavior and prognosis, also it’s the basis of gliomagenesis. Ki-67 immunohistochemistry examination for determining proliferation index has been suggested as an ancillary marker in deciding the definitive grading of glioma. Objective: To analyze the correlation between Ki-67 labeling index and histopathological grading of glioma in Indonesian population. Methods: One hundred and six formalin fixed-paraffin embedded tissue of glioma patients were collected from 4 different hospitals. Expression of Ki-67 was detected using immunohistochemistry staining and the labeling index was counted. The association between Ki-67 labeling index and histopathological grading was analyzed. Results: Age range of patient were 1-73-years old, with male predominance (55.70%). Glioblastoma was the most common diagnosis accounting for 41.51% of all samples. Ki-67 labeling index cut point of 6.35% was obtained and significantly sensitive and specific for determining low- or high-grade glioma (p<0.001). Conclusion: A significant association between Ki-67 labeling index and histopathological grading in Indonesian glioma patients has been revealed. The result of this study may be used to improve diagnostic and grading accuracy of glioma cases in Indonesia, especially in small biopsy specimens.
 

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