Document Type : Research Articles
Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, Health-Technical College, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.
Department of Hematology, Hiwa Cancer Hospital, Sulaymaniyah, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.
Department of Clinical Hematology, Kurdistan Board for Medical Specialties, Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.
Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.
Department of Hematopathology, College of Medicine, University of Sulaimani,Kurdistan Region, Iraq.
Department of Microbiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan, Iraq.
Department of Clinical Hematology, National Center of Hematology, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq.
Background: Smoking is a well-known related factor for many health problems in a human being through different ways of exposure. Objectives: Thie aim of the study was to examine the effects of different types of cigarette smoking on hemoglobin level, high sensitive C-Reactive Protein (hsCRP), Malondialdehyde (MDA), and IgE levels in healthy adult subjects. Methods: One hundred seventy-one healthy adult females and males were included in this study. They divided into four groups: cigarette, shisha, passive smokers, and non-smokers groups. Serum samples from all groups analyzed for hemoglobin, hsCRP, IgE, and malondialdehyde level. Results: The mean MDA, IgE, and hemoglobin levels significantly increased in both smokers (cigarette and Shisha groups) and passive smokers than in non-smokers group (p<0.05). The hsCRP levels were significantly increased (p<0.05) in cigarette and Shisha smokers compared to non-smokers. At the same time, there was a non-significant relationship between passive smoker in comparison to non-smokers (p>0.05). Conclusion: This study concluded that smoking, including cigarette and shisha, even passive smoking harmed health through increasing Malondialdehyde, serum IgE and hs-CRP levels in the body.