Structural Recognition and Binding Pattern Analysis of Human Topoisomerase II Alpha with Steroidal Drugs: In Silico Study to Switchover the Cancer Treatment

Document Type: Research Articles

Author

Department of Health Informatics, College of Public Health and Health Informatics, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia.

Abstract

Background and objective: Topoisomerase TOP-IIA (TTOP-IIA) is widely used as a significant target for cancer therapeutics because of its involvement in cell proliferation. Steroidal drugs have been suggested for breast cancer treatment as aromatase enzymes inhibitors . TTOP-IIA inhibitors can be used as a target for the development of new cancer therapeutics. Materials and Methods: In this study, we conducted a docking study on steroidal drugs Anastrozole (ANA), Letrozole (LET), and exemestane (EXE) with TTOP-IIA  to explore the therapeutic area of these drugs. Results: The binding interaction of EXE drug had significant docking interaction which is followed by ANA and LET. Thus, all these drugs could be used to inhibit the TTOP-IIA mediated cell proliferation and could be a hope to treat the other types of cancers. Among all three tested steroidal drugs, EXE showed binding energy -7.05 kcal/mol, hydrogen bond length1.78289 Å and amino acid involved in an interaction was A: LYS723:HZ3 -: UNK1:O6. Conclusion: The obtained data showed the most significant binding interaction analyzed with the tested enzyme. Thus, in vitro laboratory experimentation and in vivo research are necessary to put forward therapeutic repositioning of these drugs to establish them as a broad spectrum potential anticancer drugs.
 

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